Dr. Vadim Volkov
Associate Professor, Faculty of Political Science and Sociology
The European University at St. Petersburg
12 weeks, Spring semester 2002
To receive 8 credits students are required to submit one mid-term and one final essay, about 3000 words each. Mid-term essay deadline - Friday, 29th of March; final -Friday, 24th of May.
# Coercion and political power. The state of nature and the civil state. The nature of protection racket. The monopoly of legitimate violence and state formation. Private protection; protection as public good.
# The neoinstitutional approach to markets and government. Property rights, transaction costs, and types of enforcement. The economic analysis of the state. Enforcement, taxation and economic growth.
# Complicated state formation and its consequences. Sicily as a classical case of private protection. Studies and explanatory models of the Sicilian mafia.
# Theories of organized crime and debates over its nature. The mafia (Cosa Nostra) and gangsters in the USA.
# Other types of mafia-like networks: Yakudza, the Triads, Camorra. Local and universal features of organized crime.
# The mafia as a work of art. Watching the movie Godfather I and discussing it in the context of the mafia studies.
# Watching Godfather II and discussing it in the context of the mafia studies.
# The Soviet-time shadow economy and organized crime. Definitions and structure of the shadow economy. The society of vory-v-zakone (thieves-in-law), its evolution, functions, and structure.
# The market reforms after 1987 and the emergence of private entrepreneurs. The demand for protection and enforcement. The economy and culture of protection racket in the 1980s. The formation of organized criminal groups.
# Violent entrepreneurship in Russia in the 1990s. The market of private protection and dispute settlement. Major criminal groups and their evolution. Violent entrepreneurs and their practices. Criminal jargon and subculture.
# The covert fragmentation of the Russian state. Private protection companies and their functions at the emerging markets. The evolution of the state coercive agencies.
# Debates over the Russian mafia. The transition to the market in the weak state and its possible outcomes. Arguments for and against the strong state. Russia's internal security dilemmas and scenarios of state consolidation. Putin's dilemma.( Collapse )